Ghana Trade

Latest trade data available from various sources.

Please note: The data from various sources are not from the same year.
Ghana monthly trade data
Ghana quarterly trade data

Country / Region
For viewing trade, tariff data for country or region by year click here.
Please note the exports, imports and tariff data are based on reported data and not gap filled. Please check the Data Availability for coverage.



Overall Exports and Imports

Exports (in US$ Mil) 16,768
No. Of products 2,147
No. Of partners 150
Imports (in US$ Mil) 10,440
No. Of products 4,093
No. Of partners 178

Trade Indicator

HH Market concentration index0.09
Index of export market penetration2.85
World Growth-1.73
Country Growth-1.90

Service Indicators 2021

Service imports (BoP, current US$)12,338,231,773.06
Service exports (BoP, current US$)9,173,703,298.43
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)28.52
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)29.91

Ghana top 5 Export and Import partners

Market Trade (US$ Mil) Partner share(%)
China2,809 16.75
Switzerland2,466 14.71
India2,380 14.19
South Africa1,971 11.75
Netherlands966 5.76
Exporter Trade (US$ Mil) Partner share(%)
China1,896 18.16
United States976 9.35
United Kingdom686 6.57
India582 5.58
Belgium533 5.10

Ghana Exports and Imports of Product Groups

Product Categories Exports Imports
Export(US$ Mil) Product share(%) Import(US$ Mil) Prod share(%) Weighted Average (%)
Raw materials8,075 48.16 636 6.10 15.18
Intermediate goods7,589 45.26 2,832 27.12 8.74
Consumer goods1,057 6.30 3,890 37.26 13.80
Capital goods47 0.28 3,081 29.52 6.33

Top 5 Products exports imports at HS 6 digit level

Gold in oth semi-man ...5,928,795.04
Petroleum oils and o ...5,251,688.77
Cocoa beans, whole o ...1,851,960.39
Manganese ores and c ...349,539.03
Cocoa butter, fat an ...337,275.68
Automobiles with rec ...442,924.58
Cement clinkers244,606.98
Petroleum oils, etc, ...236,090.60
Diesel powered truck ...214,942.75
Broken rice210,464.68

Tariff and Trade Barriers for Ghana

Tariffs 2019

No. Of Tariff Agreement 2
Simple Average (%) 12.44
Duty Free Imports (US$ Thousand) 930,406.69
Maximum Rate (%) 35
Weighted Average (%) 10.02
Duty Free Tariff Lines Share (%) 11.31

Overall Trade Restrictiveness Index (OTRI) 2009

Overall Trade Restrictiveness Index - MFN Tariff (2009)0.12
Overall Trade Restrictiveness Index - Applied Tariff (2009)0.12

Services Service Policy Restrictive Database (SPRD)

Services Trade Restrictions Index - Over All18.40

Non-Tariff Measures (NTM) 2014

No Of NTM Measures (2014)36
No Of NTM Affected Products (HS 6 Digit) (2014)5,052

Temporary Trade Barriers Database (TTDB)

Temporary Trade Barriers in Effect - Simple Average...
Temporary Trade Barriers in Effect - Weighted Average...

World Development Indicators (WDI)

2021 WDI »
GDP (current US$ Mil)79,156
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)2,300.00
Trade Balance (current US$ Mil)1,096.00
Trade Balance (% of GDP)1.39

Doing Business

2019 Doing Business »
Ease of Doing Business Rank118
Trading Across Borders Rank158

Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA)

2018 CPIA »
CPIA Trade Ratings4

Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

2016 LPI »
LPI Score2.66
LPI Rank88