Metadatos

       

NombreDefiniciónFuenteTemaClasificación del productoPeriodicidadNotas sobre los datosValoraciónMonedaÚltima actualización
A
Aduana y otros impuestos a las importaciones (% de la recaudación impositiva)Customs and other import duties are all levies collected on goods that are entering the country or services delivered by nonresidents to residents. They include levies imposed for revenue or protection purposes and determined on a specific or ad valorem basis as long as they are restricted to imported goods or services.International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.Public Sector: Government finance: RevenueAnnualJan-10-2020
C
Calificación de comercio de la CPIA (1=bajo a 6=alto)Trade assesses how the policy framework fosters trade in goods.World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).Public Sector: Policy & institutionsAnnualThe International Development Association (IDA) is the part of the World Bank Group that helps the poorest countries reduce poverty by providing concessional loans and grants for programs aimed at boosting economic growth and improving living conditions. IDA funding helps these countries deal with the complex challenges they face in meeting the Millennium Development Goals. The World Bank's IDA Resource Allocation Index (IRAI) is based on the results of the annual Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) exercise, which covers the IDA-eligible countries. Country assessments have been carried out annually since the mid-1970s by World Bank staff. Over time the criteria have been revised from a largely macroeconomic focus to include governance aspects and a broader coverage of social and structural dimensions. Country performance is assessed against a set of 16 criteria grouped into four clusters: economic management, structural policies, policies for social inclusion and equity, and public sector management and institutions. IDA resources are allocated to a country on per capita terms based on its IDA country performance rating and, to a limited extent, based on its per capita gross national income. This ensures that good performers receive a higher IDA allocation in per capita terms. The IRAI is a key element in the country performance rating.Jan-10-2020
Comercio (% del PIB)Trade is the sum of exports and imports of goods and services measured as a share of gross domestic product.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Shares of GDP & otherAnnualJan-10-2020
Comercio de mercaderías (% del PIB)Merchandise trade as a share of GDP is the sum of merchandise exports and imports divided by the value of GDP, all in current U.S. dollars.World Trade Organization, and World Bank GDP estimates.Private Sector & Trade: Total merchandise tradeAnnualJan-10-2020
Comercio de servicios (% del PIB)Trade in services is the sum of service exports and imports divided by the value of GDP, all in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Comercio neto de bienes (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Net trade in goods is the difference between exports and imports of goods. Trade in services is not included. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: BalancesAnnualJan-10-2020
Comercio neto de bienes y servicios (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Net trade in goods and services is derived by offsetting imports of goods and services against exports of goods and services. Exports and imports of goods and services comprise all transactions involving a change of ownership of goods and services between residents of one country and the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: BalancesAnnualJan-10-2020
Computación, comunicaciones y otros servicios (% de las exportaciones de servicios comerciales)Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service exports) include such activities as international telecommunications, and postal and courier services; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; and personal, cultural, and recreational services.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ExportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Computadoras, comunicaciones y otros servicios (% de importaciones de servicios comerciales)Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports) include such activities as international telecommunications, and postal and courier services; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; and personal, cultural, and recreational services.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ImportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Comunicaciones, computadoras, etc. (% de importaciones de servicios, balanza de pagos)Communications, computer, information, and other services cover international telecommunications; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; personal, cultural, and recreational services; manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others; and maintenance and repair services and government services not included elsewhere.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Crecimiento del INB (% anual)GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Growth ratesAnnualJan-10-2020
Crecimiento del país (%)Tasa porcentual anual del crecimiento del valor del comercio de un país (exportaciones o importaciones), por sector, a precios de mercado en US$ corrientes.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran datos "espejo"; 2) El crecimiento correspondiente a un determinado año se calcula en relación con el año anterior.Exportación - Valor FOB; Importación - Valor CIFJan-03-2020
Crecimiento del PIB (% anual)Annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2010 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Growth ratesAnnualAn economy's growth is measured by the change in the volume of its output or in the real incomes of its residents. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts (2008 SNA) offers three plausible indicators for calculating growth: the volume of gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income, and real gross national income. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. GDP accounts for all domestic production, regardless of whether the income accrues to domestic or foreign institutions.Jan-10-2020
Crecimiento del PIB per cápita (% anual)Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2010 U.S. dollars. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Growth ratesAnnualJan-10-2020
Crecimiento mundial (%)Tasa porcentual anual del crecimiento del valor del comercio mundial (exportaciones o importaciones), por sector, a precios de mercado, en US$ corrientes.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran exportaciones "espejo"; 2) El crecimiento correspondiente a un determinado año se calcula en relación con el año anterior.Exportación - Valor FOB; Importación - Valor CIFJan-03-2020
Crecimiento per cápita del INB (% anual)Annual percentage growth rate of GNI per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2010 U.S. dollars. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Growth ratesAnnualJan-10-2020
E
Exportaciones de bienes (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Exportaciones de bienes y servicios (% del crecimiento anual)Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2010 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Growth ratesAnnualJan-10-2020
Exportaciones de bienes y servicios (% del PIB)Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Shares of GDP & otherAnnualJan-10-2020
Exportaciones de bienes y servicios (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualThe balance of payments records an economy’s transactions with the rest of the world. Balance of payments accounts are divided into two groups: the current account, which records transactions in goods, services, primary income, and secondary income, and the capital and financial account, which records capital transfers, acquisition or disposal of nonproduced, nonfinancial assets, and transactions in financial assets and liabilities. The current account balance is one of the most analytically useful indicators of an external imbalance. A primary purpose of the balance of payments accounts is to indicate the need to adjust an external imbalance. Where to draw the line for analytical purposes requires a judgment concerning the imbalance that best indicates the need for adjustment. There are a number of definitions in common use for this and related analytical purposes. The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports of goods. From an analytical view it is arbitrary to distinguish goods from services. For example, a unit of foreign exchange earned by a freight company strengthens the balance of payments to the same extent as the foreign exchange earned by a goods exporter. Even so, the trade balance is useful because it is often the most timely indicator of trends in the current account balance. Customs authorities are typically able to provide data on trade in goods long before data on trade in services are available.Jan-10-2020
Exportaciones de bienes y servicios (US$ a precios actuales)Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at current prices: Expenditure on GDPAnnualJan-10-2020
Exportaciones de bienes y servicios (US$ a precios constantes de 2010)Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at constant 2010 prices: Expenditure on GDPAnnualAn economy's growth is measured by the change in the volume of its output or in the real incomes of its residents. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts (2008 SNA) offers three plausible indicators for calculating growth: the volume of gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income, and real gross national income. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. GDP accounts for all domestic production, regardless of whether the income accrues to domestic or foreign institutions.Jan-10-2020
Exportaciones de bienes, servicios e ingresos primario (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Exports of goods, services and primary income is the sum of goods exports, service exports and primary income receipts. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Exportaciones de servicios (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Exportaciones de servicios comerciales (US$ a precios actuales)Commercial service exports are total service exports minus exports of government services not included elsewhere. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993) as the economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Definitions may vary among reporting economies.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ExportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Exportaciones de servicios de TIC (% de exportaciones de servicios, balanza de pagos)Information and communication technology service exports include computer and communications services (telecommunications and postal and courier services) and information services (computer data and news-related service transactions).International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Infrastructure: CommunicationsAnnualThe balance of payments records an economy's transactions with the rest of the world. Balance of payments accounts are divided into two groups: the current account, which records transactions in goods, services, income, and current transfers, and the capital and financial account, which records capital transfers, acquisition or disposal of non-produced, nonfinancial assets, and transactions in financial assets and liabilities.Jan-10-2020
Exportaciones de servicios de TIC (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Information and communication technology service exports include computer and communications services (telecommunications and postal and courier services) and information services (computer data and news-related service transactions). Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Infrastructure: CommunicationsAnnualJan-10-2020
G
GNI per capita, PPP (constant 2011 international $)GNI per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GNI is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2011 international dollars.World Bank, International Comparison Program database.Economic Policy & Debt: Purchasing power parityAnnualJan-10-2020
GNI, PPP (constant 2011 international $)PPP GNI (formerly PPP GNP) is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Gross national income is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2011 international dollars.World Bank, International Comparison Program database.Economic Policy & Debt: Purchasing power parityAnnualJan-10-2020
I
Importaciones sujetas a aranceles NMF específicos (en miles de US$)Importaciones sujetas a aranceles NMF (en miles de US$).WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Importaciones de bienes (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Importaciones de bienes y servicios (% del crecimiento anual)Annual growth rate of imports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2010 U.S. dollars. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Growth ratesAnnualJan-10-2020
Importaciones de bienes y servicios (% del PIB)Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Shares of GDP & otherAnnualJan-10-2020
Importaciones de bienes y servicios (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualThe balance of payments records an economy’s transactions with the rest of the world. Balance of payments accounts are divided into two groups: the current account, which records transactions in goods, services, primary income, and secondary income, and the capital and financial account, which records capital transfers, acquisition or disposal of nonproduced, nonfinancial assets, and transactions in financial assets and liabilities. The current account balance is one of the most analytically useful indicators of an external imbalance. A primary purpose of the balance of payments accounts is to indicate the need to adjust an external imbalance. Where to draw the line for analytical purposes requires a judgment concerning the imbalance that best indicates the need for adjustment. There are a number of definitions in common use for this and related analytical purposes. The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports of goods. From an analytical view it is arbitrary to distinguish goods from services. For example, a unit of foreign exchange earned by a freight company strengthens the balance of payments to the same extent as the foreign exchange earned by a goods exporter. Even so, the trade balance is useful because it is often the most timely indicator of trends in the current account balance. Customs authorities are typically able to provide data on trade in goods long before data on trade in services are available.Jan-10-2020
Importaciones de bienes y servicios (US$ a precios actuales)Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at current prices: Expenditure on GDPAnnualJan-10-2020
Importaciones de bienes y servicios (US$ a precios constantes de 2010) Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at constant 2010 prices: Expenditure on GDPAnnualAn economy's growth is measured by the change in the volume of its output or in the real incomes of its residents. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts (2008 SNA) offers three plausible indicators for calculating growth: the volume of gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income, and real gross national income. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. GDP accounts for all domestic production, regardless of whether the income accrues to domestic or foreign institutions.Jan-10-2020
Importaciones de bienes, servicios e ingresos primario (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Imports of goods, services and primary income is the sum of goods imports, service imports and primary income payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Importaciones de energía, valor neto (% del uso de energía)Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/Environment: Energy production & useAnnualModern energy services are crucial to a country's economic development. Access to modern energy is essential for the provision of clean water, sanitation and healthcare and for the provision of reliable and efficient lighting, heating, cooking, mechanical power, and transport and telecommunications services. Governments in many countries are increasingly aware of the urgent need to make better use of the world's energy resources. Improved energy efficiency is often the most economic and readily available means of improving energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.Jan-10-2020
Importaciones de servicios (balanza de pagos, US$ a precios actuales)Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Importaciones de servicios comerciales (US$ a precios actuales)Commercial service imports are total service imports minus imports of government services not included elsewhere. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993) as the economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Definitions may vary among reporting economies.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ImportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Importaciones exentas de aranceles efectivamente aplicados (en miles de US$)Importaciones exentas de aranceles efectivamente aplicados en miles de US$.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Importaciones exentas de aranceles NMF (en miles de US$) Importaciones exentas de aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida) en miles de US$. WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Importaciones sujetas a aranceles NMF (en miles de US$)Importaciones sujetas a aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida) en miles de US$.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Importaciones sujetas a derechos efectivamente aplicados (en miles de US$)Importaciones sujetas a derechos de aduana efectivamente aplicados en miles de US$.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos aduaneros específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Importaciones sujetas a derechos específicos efectivamente aplicados (en miles de US$)Importaciones sujetas a derechos específicos efectivamente aplicados en miles de US$.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Impuestos a las exportaciones (% de la recaudación impositiva)Taxes on exports are all levies on goods being transported out of the country or services being delivered to nonresidents by residents. Rebates on exported goods that are repayments of previously paid general consumption taxes, excise taxes, or import duties are deducted from the gross amounts receivable from these taxes, not from amounts receivable from export taxes.International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.Public Sector: Government finance: RevenueAnnualJan-10-2020
Impuestos a las exportaciones (UMN a precios actuales)Taxes on exports are all levies on goods being transported out of the country or services being delivered to nonresidents by residents. Rebates on exported goods that are repayments of previously paid general consumption taxes, excise taxes, or import duties are deducted from the gross amounts receivable from these taxes, not from amounts receivable from export taxes.International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.Public Sector: Government finance: RevenueAnnualJan-10-2020
Impuestos al comercio internacional (% de la recaudación)Taxes on international trade include import duties, export duties, profits of export or import monopolies, exchange profits, and exchange taxes.International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.Public Sector: Government finance: RevenueAnnualJan-10-2020
Impuestos al comercio internacional (UMN a precios actuales)Taxes on international trade include import duties, export duties, profits of export or import monopolies, exchange profits, and exchange taxes.International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.Public Sector: Government finance: RevenueAnnualJan-10-2020
Impuestos sobre bienes y servicios (% de la recaudación)Taxes on goods and services include general sales and turnover or value added taxes, selective excises on goods, selective taxes on services, taxes on the use of goods or property, taxes on extraction and production of minerals, and profits of fiscal monopolies.International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.Public Sector: Government finance: RevenueAnnualJan-10-2020
Impuestos sobre bienes y servicios (% del valor agregado de industria y servicios)Taxes on goods and services include general sales and turnover or value added taxes, selective excises on goods, selective taxes on services, taxes on the use of goods or property, taxes on extraction and production of minerals, and profits of fiscal monopolies.International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD value added estimates.Public Sector: Government finance: RevenueAnnualJan-10-2020
Impuestos sobre bienes y servicios (UMN a precios actuales)Taxes on goods and services include general sales and turnover or value added taxes, selective excises on goods, selective taxes on services, taxes on the use of goods or property, taxes on extraction and production of minerals, and profits of fiscal monopolies.International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.Public Sector: Government finance: RevenueAnnualJan-10-2020
INB (US$ constantes del año 2010)GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at constant 2010 prices: Aggregate indicatorsAnnualBecause development encompasses many factors - economic, environmental, cultural, educational, and institutional - no single measure gives a complete picture. However, the total earnings of the residents of an economy, measured by its gross national income (GNI), is a good measure of its capacity to provide for the well-being of its people.Jan-10-2020
INB per cápita (US$ constantes del año 2010)GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at constant 2010 prices: Aggregate indicatorsAnnualJan-10-2020
INB per cápita, método Atlas (US$ a precios actuales)GNI per capita (formerly GNP per capita) is the gross national income, converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: Atlas GNI & GNI per capitaAnnualJan-10-2020
INB per cápita, PPA (a $ internacionales actuales)GNI per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GNI is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current international dollars based on the 2011 ICP round.World Bank, International Comparison Program database.Economic Policy & Debt: Purchasing power parityAnnualJan-10-2020
INB, PPA (a $ internacionales actuales)PPP GNI (formerly PPP GNP) is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Gross national income is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current international dollars. For most economies PPP figures are extrapolated from the 2011 International Comparison Program (ICP) benchmark estimates or imputed using a statistical model based on the 2011 ICP. For 47 high- and upper middle-income economies conversion factors are provided by Eurostat and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).World Bank, International Comparison Program database.Economic Policy & Debt: Purchasing power parityAnnualBecause development encompasses many factors - economic, environmental, cultural, educational, and institutional - no single measure gives a complete picture. However, the total earnings of the residents of an economy, measured by its gross national income (GNI), is a good measure of its capacity to provide for the well-being of its people.Jan-10-2020
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Índice de complementariedad comercialEl índice de complementariedad comercial (CC) puede proporcionar información útil sobre las perspectivas del comercio intrarregional, por cuanto muestra en qué medida las estructuras de las importaciones y las exportaciones de un país concuerdan. Tiene también el atractivo de que sus valores, en el caso de los países que estén considerando la celebración de un acuerdo de comercio regional, pueden compararse con los de otros que hayan acordado o estén considerando la posibilidad de convenir pactos similares.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran exportaciones "espejo" para los datos de exportación; 2) Cálculo realizado a nivel de 2 dígitos del SA y agregado a nivel de asociados. El índice CC entre los países k y j se define como TCkj = 100(1 – sum(|mik – xij| / 2)), en que xij es la proporción del bien i en las exportaciones globales del país j (seleccionado como declarante) y mik es la proporción del bien i en el total de las restantes importaciones del país k (seleccionado como asociado). El índice es 0 cuando un país no exporta ningún bien ni el otro país lo importa, y 100 cuando las proporciones de las exportaciones y la importaciones son exactamente iguales.Exportación - Valor FOB; Importación - Valor CIFJan-03-2020
Índice de HH sobre concentración económica de un mercadoEl índice de Herfindahl e Hirschman (HH) es una medida de la dispersión del valor del comercio entre los asociados de un exportador. Un país cuyo comercio (exportaciones o importaciones) esté concentrado en muy pocos mercados tendrá un índice de un valor próximo a 1. Análogamente, un país con una cartera comercial altamente diversificada tendrá un índice próximo a 0.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran datos "espejo" para los datos de exportación; 2) Todos los países, salvo "Mundo" y "UE", se consideran como grupo de asociados; 3) En este cálculo se utiliza el "Total" del producto; 4) El indicador se calcula a nivel del asociado del declarante y se agrega al nivel del declarante.Exportación - Valor FOB; Importación - Valor CIFJan-03-2020
Índice de penetración en el mercado de exportaciónSe calcula como el número de países a los que el declarante exporta cierto producto, dividido por el número de países que declaren haber importado el producto en ese año. WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran datos "espejo" para los datos de exportación; 2) Se consideran todos los productos a nivel de 6 dígitos del SA; 3) El cálculo se realiza a nivel de país-producto y se agrega al nivel del país.Exportación - Valor FOB; Importación - Valor CIFJan-03-2020
Índice de términos netos de intercambio (2000 = 100)Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTAD's estimates using the previous year’s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTAD’s Commodity Price Statistics, interna­tional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current year's trade values as weights.United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.Private Sector & Trade: Trade indexesAnnualData on international trade in goods are available from each country's balance of payments and customs records. While the balance of payments focuses on the financial transactions that accompany trade, customs data record the direction of trade and the physical quantities and value of goods entering or leaving the customs area. Customs data may differ from data recorded in the balance of payments because of differences in valuation and time of recording. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts and the sixth edition of the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) Balance of Payments Manual attempted to reconcile definitions and reporting standards for international trade statistics, but differences in sources, timing, and national practices limit comparability. Real growth rates derived from trade volume indexes and terms of trade based on unit price indexes may therefore differ from those derived from national accounts aggregates. Trade in goods, or merchandise trade, includes all goods that add to or subtract from an economy's material resources. Trade data are collected on the basis of a country's customs area, which in most cases is the same as its geographic area. Goods provided as part of foreign aid are included, but goods destined for extraterritorial agencies (such as embassies) are not. By international agreement customs data are reported to the United Nations Statistics Division, which maintains the Commodity Trade (Comtrade) and Monthly Bulletin of Statistics databases. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) compiles international trade statistics, including price, value, and volume indexes, from national and international sources such as the IMF’s International Financial Statistics database, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Japan Customs, Bank of Japan, and UNCTAD’s Commodity Price Statistics and Merchandise Trade Matrix. The IMF also compiles data on trade prices and volumes in its International Financial Statistics (IFS) database.Jan-10-2020
Índice de valor de exportación (2000 = 100)Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.Private Sector & Trade: Trade indexesAnnualJan-10-2020
Índice del valor de las importaciones (2000 = 100)Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.Private Sector & Trade: Trade indexesAnnualJan-10-2020
Índice del volumen de exportaciones (2000 = 100)Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTAD’s estimates using the previous year’s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTAD’s Commodity Price Statistics, interna­tional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current year’s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used.United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.Private Sector & Trade: Trade indexesAnnualJan-10-2020
Índice del volumen de las importaciones (2000 = 100)Import volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the import value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTAD’s estimates using the previous year’s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTAD’s Commodity Price Statistics, interna­tional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current year’s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import volume indexes (lines 73) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used.United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.Private Sector & Trade: Trade indexesAnnualJan-10-2020
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Ingreso nacional bruto (ING) (US$)GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at current prices: Aggregate indicatorsAnnualBecause development encompasses many factors - economic, environmental, cultural, educational, and institutional - no single measure gives a complete picture. However, the total earnings of the residents of an economy, measured by its gross national income (GNI), is a good measure of its capacity to provide for the well-being of its people.Jan-10-2020
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N.o de acuerdos arancelariosNúmero de acuerdos arancelarios. WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualJan-03-2020
N.o de productos comercializados a nivel de 6 dígitos del SANúmero total de productos exportados por un país a nivel de 6 dígitos del Sistema Armonizado 1998 (SA) en un determinado año.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran exportaciones "espejo" para los datos de exportación; 2) En el cálculo se consideran los productos comercializados cuyo valor supere los US$100 000. Jan-03-2020
N.o de productos comercializados a nivel de 6 dígitos del SANúmero total de productos importados por un país a nivel de 6 dígitos del Sistema Armonizado (SA) en un determinado año. WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) En el cálculo se consideran los productos comercializados cuyo valor supere los US$100 000. Jan-03-2020
Número de asociados exportadoresDatos sobre el número de países a los que un país en particular exporta mercancías en un determinado año.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran exportaciones "espejo" para los datos de exportación; 2) En el cálculo se consideran los productos comercializados cuyo valor supere los US$100 000. Jan-03-2020
Número de asociados importadoresDatos sobre el número de países de los que un país en particular importa mercancías en un determinado año.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se da a la UE el trato propio de un solo país; 2) En el cálculo se consideran los productos comercializados cuyo valor supere los US$100 000. Jan-03-2020
Número de productos exportadosNúmero total de productos exportados por un país a nivel de 6 dígitos del Sistema Armonizado 1998 (SA 2) en un determinado año.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran exportaciones "espejo" para los datos de exportación; 2) En el cálculo se consideran los productos comercializados cuyo valor supere los US$100 000. Jan-03-2020
Número de productos importadosNúmero total de productos importados por un país a nivel de 6 dígitos del Sistema Armonizado (SA) en un determinado año.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) En el cálculo se consideran los productos comercializados cuyo valor supere los US$100 000. Jan-03-2020
P
PIB (US$ a precios actuales)GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at current prices: Aggregate indicatorsAnnualJan-10-2020
PIB (US$ a precios constantes de 2010)GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using 2010 official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at constant 2010 prices: Aggregate indicatorsAnnualAn economy's growth is measured by the change in the volume of its output or in the real incomes of its residents. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts (2008 SNA) offers three plausible indicators for calculating growth: the volume of gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income, and real gross national income. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. GDP accounts for all domestic production, regardless of whether the income accrues to domestic or foreign institutions.Jan-10-2020
PIB per cápita (US$ a precios actuales)GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at current prices: Aggregate indicatorsAnnualJan-10-2020
PIB per cápita (US$ a precios constantes de 2010)GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.Economic Policy & Debt: National accounts: US$ at constant 2010 prices: Aggregate indicatorsAnnualJan-10-2020
PIB per cápita, PPA ($ a precios internacionales actuales)GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars based on the 2011 ICP round.World Bank, International Comparison Program database.Economic Policy & Debt: Purchasing power parityAnnualJan-10-2020
PIB per cápita, PPA ($ a precios internacionales constantes de 2011) GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2011 international dollars.World Bank, International Comparison Program database.Economic Policy & Debt: Purchasing power parityAnnualJan-10-2020
PIB, PPA ($ a precios internacionales actuales)PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars. For most economies PPP figures are extrapolated from the 2011 International Comparison Program (ICP) benchmark estimates or imputed using a statistical model based on the 2011 ICP. For 47 high- and upper middle-income economies conversion factors are provided by Eurostat and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).World Bank, International Comparison Program database.Economic Policy & Debt: Purchasing power parityAnnualJan-10-2020
PIB, PPA ($ a precios internacionales constantes de 2011)PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2011 international dollars.World Bank, International Comparison Program database.Economic Policy & Debt: Purchasing power parityAnnualJan-10-2020
Población, totalTotal population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.(1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. PopuHealth: Population: StructureAnnualIncreases in human population, whether as a result of immigration or more births than deaths, can impact natural resources and social infrastructure. This can place pressure on a country's sustainability. A significant growth in population will negatively impact the availability of land for agricultural production, and will aggravate demand for food, energy, water, social services, and infrastructure. On the other hand, decreasing population size - a result of fewer births than deaths, and people moving out of a country - can impact a government's commitment to maintain services and infrastructure.Jan-10-2020
Promedio ponderado de aranceles efectivamente aplicados (%)Promedio ponderado en % de aranceles efectivamente aplicados; el promedio de los aranceles ponderados de acuerdo a su correspondiente valor del comercio.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Promedio ponderado de aranceles NMF (%)Promedio ponderado en % de aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida); el promedio de los aranceles NMF ponderados de acuerdo a su correspondiente valor del comercio.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Promedio simple de aranceles efectivamente aplicados (%)Promedio simple de los aranceles efectivamente aplicados (%)WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Promedio simple de aranceles NMF (%)Promedio simple en % de los aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida).WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de asociados (%)Proporción del total del comercio de mercancías (exportaciones o importaciones) correspondiente a un país asociado en un determinado año.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2AnnualJan-03-2020
Proporción de líneas arancelarias exentas de aranceles efectivamente aplicados (%)Proporción en % de líneas arancelarias exentas de aranceles efectivamente aplicados. WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 Annual1) Tariff_AHS_DutyFreeLines]*100/[Tariff_AHS_TotalLines]; 2) Las expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de líneas arancelarias exentas de aranceles NMF (%)Proporción en % de líneas arancelarias exentas de aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida).WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 Annual1) [Tariff_MFN_DutyFreeLines]*100/[Tariff_MFN_TotalLines]; 2) Las expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de líneas arancelarias sujetas a aranceles NMF (%)Proporción en % de líneas arancelarias sujetas a aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida).WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 Annual1) [Tariff_MFN_DutiableLines]*100/[Tariff_MFN_TotalLines]; 2) Las expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de líneas arancelarias sujetas a aranceles NMF específicos (%)Proporción en % de líneas arancelarias sujetas a aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida).WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 Annual1) [Tariff_MFN_NALines]*100/[Tariff_MFN_TotalLines]; 2) Las expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de líneas arancelarias sujetas a derechos afectivamente aplicados (%)Proporción en % de líneas arancelarias sujetas a derechos de aduana efectivamente aplicados.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 Annual1) [Tariff_AHS_DutiableLines]*100/[Tariff_AHS_TotalLines]; 2) Las expresiones de los derechos aduaneros específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de líneas arancelarias sujetas a derechos específicos efectivamente aplicados (%)Proporción en % de líneas arancelarias sujetas a derechos específicos efectivamente aplicados.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 Annual1) [Tariff_AHS_NALines]*100/[Tariff_AHS_TotalLines]; 2) Las expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de los EAV de los aranceles NMF en las líneas arancelarias (%)Proporción en % de los equivalentes ad valorem (EAV) de los aranceles NMF en las líneas arancelarias.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 Annual1) [Tariff_MFN_AVELines]*100/[Tariff_MFN_TotalLines] 2); Las expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de los EAV efectivamente aplicados en las líneas arancelarias (%)Proporción en % de los equivalentes ad valorem (EAV) efectivamente aplicados en las líneas arancelarias. WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 Annual1) [Tariff_AHS_AVELines]*100/[Tariff_AHS_TotalLines]; 2) Las expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Proporción de productos (%)Proporción del total del comercio de mercancías (exportaciones o importaciones) correspondiente a un producto en un determinado año.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2AnnualJan-03-2020
Proporción en el total de productos (%) Proporción en el total de productos (%)WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2Annual1) Se consideran exportaciones "espejo" para los datos de exportación; 2) En el cálculo se consideran los productos comercializados cuyo valor supere los US$100 000. Jan-03-2020
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Seguro y servicios financieros (% de las exportaciones de servicios comerciales)Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ExportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Seguro y servicios financieros (% de las importaciones de servicios comerciales)Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods imported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ImportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Servicios de transporte (% de las exportaciones de servicios comerciales)Transport services (% of commercial service exports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ExportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Servicios de transporte (% de las exportaciones de servicios, balanza de pagos)Transport covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, pipeline, space and electricity transmission) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, the movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Also included are postal and courier services. Excluded are freight insurance (included in insurance services); goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers (included in goods); maintenance and repairs on transport equipment (included in maintenance and repair services n.i.e.); and repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities (included in construction).International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Servicios de transporte (% de las importaciones de servicios comerciales)Transport services (% of commercial service imports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ImportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Servicios de transporte (% de las importaciones de servicios, balanza de pagos)Transport covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, pipeline, space and electricity transmission) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, the movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Also included are postal and courier services. Excluded are freight insurance (included in insurance services); goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers (included in goods); maintenance and repairs on transport equipment (included in maintenance and repair services n.i.e.); and repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities (included in construction).International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Servicios de viaje (% de las exportaciones de servicios comerciales)Travel services (% of commercial service exports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging and meals and transport (within the economy visited).International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ExportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Servicios de viaje (% de las exportaciones de servicios, balanza de pagos)Travel covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Travel includes local transport (i.e., transport within the economy being visited and provided by a resident of that economy), but excludes international transport (which is included in passenger transport. Travel also excludes goods for resale, which are included in general merchandise.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
Servicios de viaje (% de las importaciones de servicios comerciales)Travel services (% of commercial service imports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging, meals, and transport (within the economy visited).International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Private Sector & Trade: ImportsAnnualTrade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.Jan-10-2020
Servicios de viaje (% de las importaciones de servicios, balanza de pagos)Travel covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Travel includes local transport (i.e., transport within the economy being visited and provided by a resident of that economy), but excludes international transport (which is included in passenger transport. Travel also excludes goods for resale, which are included in general merchandise.International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.Economic Policy & Debt: Balance of payments: Current account: Goods, services & incomeAnnualJan-10-2020
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Tasa máxima de aranceles efectivamente aplicados (%)Tasa máxima en % de aranceles efectivamente aplicados; el valor arancelario más alto a nivel de línea arancelaria dentro de la categoría del producto.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Tasa máxima de aranceles NMF (%)Tasa máxima en % de aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida); el valor arancelario más alto a nivel de línea arancelaria dentro de la categoría del producto.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Tasa mínima de aranceles efectivamente aplicados (%)Tasa mínima en % de aranceles efectivamente aplicados; el valor arancelario más bajo a nivel de línea arancelaria dentro de la categoría del producto.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Tasa mínima de aranceles NMF (%)Tasa mínima en % de aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida); el valor arancelario más bajo a nivel de línea arancelaria dentro de la categoría del producto.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Total de líneas arancelarias efectivamente aplicadasTotal de líneas arancelarias efectivamente aplicadas.WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Total de líneas arancelarias sujetas a aranceles NMFNúmero total de líneas arancelarias sujetas a aranceles NMF (nación más favorecida).WITS - TRAINS DE UNCTADArancelesSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, Sistema Armonizado 1996, Sistema Armonizado 2002, Sistema Armonizado 2007, Sistema Armonizado 2012 AnnualLas expresiones de los derechos de aduana específicos se estiman utilizando el Método 1 de la UNCTAD (si está disponible).Jan-03-2020
Turismo internacional, gastos (% del total de importaciones)International tourism expenditures are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries, including payments to foreign carriers for international transport. These expenditures may include those by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include expenditures for passenger transport items. Their share in imports is calculated as a ratio to imports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services.World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files, and IMF and World Bank imports estimates.Private Sector & Trade: Travel & tourismAnnualTourism is officially recognized as a directly measurable activity, enabling more accurate analysis and more effective policy. Whereas previously the sector relied mostly on approximations from related areas of measurement (e.g. Balance of Payments statistics), tourism today possesses a range of instruments to track its productive activities and the activities of the consumers that drive them: visitors (both tourists and excursionists). An increasing number of countries have opened up and invested in tourism development, making tourism a key driver of socio-economic progress through export revenues, the creation of jobs and enterprises, and infrastructure development. As an internationally traded service, inbound tourism has become one of the world's major trade categories. For many developing countries it is one of the main sources of foreign exchange income and a major component of exports, creating much needed employment and development opportunities. This measure reflects the importance of tourism as an internationally traded service relative to other categories of imports. Such a measure reveals the predilection for tourism in a country's import structure and the relative degree of an economy's domestic revenue outflows due to international tourism.Jan-10-2020
Turismo internacional, recibos (% del total de exportaciones)International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Their share in exports is calculated as a ratio to exports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services.World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files, and IMF and World Bank exports estimates.Private Sector & Trade: Travel & tourismAnnualTourism is officially recognized as a directly measurable activity, enabling more accurate analysis and more effective policy. Whereas previously the sector relied mostly on approximations from related areas of measurement (e.g. Balance of Payments statistics), tourism today possesses a range of instruments to track its productive activities and the activities of the consumers that drive them: visitors (both tourists and excursionists). An increasing number of countries have opened up and invested in tourism development, making tourism a key driver of socio-economic progress through export revenues, the creation of jobs and enterprises, and infrastructure development. As an internationally traded service, inbound tourism has become one of the world's major trade categories. For many developing countries it is one of the main sources of foreign exchange income and a major component of exports, creating much needed employment and development opportunities. This measure reflects the importance of tourism as an internationally traded service relative to other categories of exports. Such a measure reveals the degree of tourism specialization in a country's export structure and the relative capability of tourism in generating foreign revenues.Jan-10-2020
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Valor del comercio (en miles de US$)Total de las importaciones/exportaciones en miles de US$ corrientes.WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2AnnualExportación - Valor FOB; Importación - Valor CIFUS$ - Valor corrienteJan-03-2020
Ventajas comparativas reveladasSe usa el índice de ventajas comparativas reveladas (RCA, por sus siglas en inglés) para ayudar a evaluar el potencial de exportación de un país. El índice de RCA muestra si un país está en el proceso de ampliar la gama de productos con un potencial comercial, en contraposición con las situaciones en que el número de productos que pueden exportarse en condiciones competitivas es estático. Este índice también puede proporcionar información útil sobre las perspectivas comerciales potenciales con nuevos asociados. WITS - Comtrade de UNSDComercioSistema Armonizado 1988/1992, documento CUCI, Revisión 2AnnualSe consideran las exportaciones "espejo". El índice RCA del país l con respecto al producto j suele medirse por la proporción que corresponde al producto en la exportación del país en relación con su proporción en el comercio mundial: RCAij = (xij/Xit) / (xwj/Xwt), en que xij y xwj son los valores de las exportaciones del producto j realizadas por el país i, y en que Xit y Xwt se refieren al total de la exportación del país i y del total de las exportaciones mundiales. Un valor inferior a la unidad implica que el país tiene una desventaja comparativa revelada en el producto. Análogamente, si el índice supera la unidad se dice que el país tiene una ventaja comparativa revelada en el producto.Exportación - Valor FOB; Importación - Valor CIFJan-03-2020